This quantity brings jointly a couple of ground-breaking papers within the thought of phonology.
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Extra resources for Phonology in the 1980's (Studies in the Sciences of Language Series)
FINNIS H PHONOLOG Y 15 five alongside such various parameters a s productive/non-productive, allophonic / morphophonemic, exceptionless/exceptional , automatic/non-automatic , opaque / obvious, natura l processes(innate)/acquired principles , common (Phoneticall y inspired, exceptionless , from a finite universa l set)/morphophonemi c (non phonetic informatio n i n the forma l assertion) ; and so forth. Th e empirical approac h distinguishes psychologicall y rea l ideas (established a s such by way of externa l facts ) shape phonologica l trend s missing mental realit y whic h ar e the fossilize d effects o f pas t sound swap s o r are maybe dealt with a s floor analogica l trend s of morphology . those category s o f different types of rule s appear to b e a reflex o f try out s t o constrain phonology alon g learnability traces . Th e sharp dichotomies base d on inflexible forma l criteri a look erroneous, despite the fact that, provide n ou r current stat e o f wisdom. Al l the forma l criteri a s o a ways proposed fo r distinguishin g rule s fail to assur e the learnabilit y o r mental realit y o f ideas , the goa l fo r which possibly (a t least som e of ) th e contrast s wer e devised . Externa l evidenc e is important, an d exterior facts fro m Finnis h exhibits the inadequac y o f the proposed forma l standards . Finnish vowel harmon y (hencefort h VH ) illustrates this good. Th e most sensible forma l account o f Finnis h VH is Kiparsky's (1973b) , thoug h it doe s no t dea l with all of the relevan t info . Th e additiona l informatio n convey s that Finnis h VH violates the variou s standards fo r "natural" , "phoneticall y prompted" , "productiv e and exceptionless" principles. however, externa l evidenc e point out s that V H is a psychologically rea l rule o f Finnish . ponder the subsequent . 1) for instance, it i s recognized tha t VH has exceptions fro m recen t mortgage phrases (especially th e "learned " vocabulary (sivistyssanasto) : (th e harmoni c sequence are again a , o , u, fron t ä, ö, y, and impartial i, e). följetongi hieroglyfi hydrosfääri jonglööri sutenööri röökaaja föörata styylata t serial (from Frenc h feuilleton) hieroglyph hydrosphere juggler (from Frenc h jongleur) pimp (fro m Frenc h souteneur ) smoker (from Swedis h röka) to conve y Swedis h fora) o g o with someon e 2) VH additionally has a sociological difficulty , in that y ([ ü ] ) in local notice s regularly belongs to th e fron t harmoni c serie s (a, ö, ü ) and not cooccurs with vowels o f th e again harmonic sequence (a, o, u) . however, y i s thought of impartial (lik e i an d e) wit h appreciate t o V H in contemporary specialize d mortgage s (erikoislainat), notwithstanding actua l perform varies 2. therefore , bot h analyysi-stä an d analyysi-sta "fro m the research " (elative case ) are appropriate (Ikol a 1971 : 147) . Othe r examples 156 LYLE CAMPBEL L with the "neutral" y that tak e thi s variable useage o f bot h fron t an d again concord i n suffixes ar e : katalyysi katalyytti katalyyttinen klorofylli labyrintti lyyri(lli)nen miniatyyri molekyyli parfyymi catalysis catalyte catalytic chlorophyl labyrinth, maze lyrical miniature molecule fragrance polyteekki polyteismi pseudonyymi psykoanalyysi satyyri uvertyyri vampyyri and so forth.