The wave of unrest which happened in 1840s Wales, referred to as ‘Rebeccaism’ or ‘the Rebecca riots’, sticks out as successful tale in the ordinarily gloomy annals of well known fight and defeat. the tale is remembered in brilliant and compelling photographs: assaults on tollgates and different symbols of perceived injustice by means of farmers and staff, outlandishly wearing bonnets and petticoats and led by means of the long-lasting nameless determine of Rebecca herself. The occasions shape a center a part of ancient research and remembrance in Wales, and regularly look in broader paintings on British radicalism and Victorian protest pursuits. This publication attracts on cultural background, gender experiences and symbolic anthropology to offer clean and replacement arguments at the which means of Rebeccaite dress and formality; the importance of the female in protest; the hyperlinks among protest and pop culture; using Rebecca’s photo in Victorian press and political discourse; and the ways that the occasions and just like Rebecca herself have been built-in into politics, tradition and well known reminiscence in Wales and past. these kind of facets pay off higher attention than they've got but been accorded, and spotlight the relevance of Rebeccaism to British and eu renowned protest – as much as and together with the current day.
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Extra info for Petticoat Heroes: Rethinking the Rebecca Riots
199. 168 Notes bankruptcy 6 1 2 three four five 6 7 eight nine 10 eleven 12 thirteen 14 15 sixteen 17 18 19 Malcolm Thomis and Jennifer Grimmett, ladies in Protest 1800–1850 (London, 1982), pp. 138–40; Natalie Zemon Davis, Society and tradition in Early smooth France: 8 Essays (London, 1965), pp. 146–7; Nicolas Rogers, Crowds, tradition and Politics in Georgian Britain (Oxford, 1998), pp. 216, 226. Epstein, ‘Cap of Liberty’, p. 116. Ieuan Gwynedd Jones, Mid-Victorian Wales: The Observers and saw (Cardiff, 1992), p. 107. David J. V. Jones, Rebecca’s young ones: A examine of Rural Society, Crime and Protest (Oxford, 1989), pp. 39–40. John R. Gillis, For higher, for Worse: British Marriages, 1600 to the current (Oxford, 1985), p. 121; Thomis and Grimmett, girls in Protest, p. 20. NLW, MS 13199D, J. M. Howell broadsides assortment. As formerly famous, Rebeccaites at Pontarddulais toll gate assumed voices which made them resemble ‘a host of outdated market-women’. Cambrian, 3 September 1843. Jones, ‘Women, neighborhood and collective action’, p. 17; Jones, Rebecca’s little ones, pp. 7–8; Trefor M. Owen, Welsh people Customs (Llandysul, 1987), p. 127. NLW, Cwrt Mawr MS 1201F, p. 7. Bygones, 2/3 (1893), 108. Gillis, For higher, for Worse, p. 199. F. S. cost, heritage of Llansawel, Carmarthenshire (1898), pp. 34–5; Owen, Welsh folks Customs, p. 163. Welshman, 15 September 1843. Jones, Rebecca’s young ones, p. 248. See Ann Hyland, the pony within the old international (Westport, Conn. , 2003); The Mabinogion, trans. Gwyn Jones and Thomas Jones (London, 1949), pp. 8–10. NLW, MS 4857D, Lloyd of Caerwys miscellanea. Peter Lord, phrases with photos: Welsh pictures and photographs of Wales within the renowned Press, 1640–1860 (Aberystwyth, 1995), pp. 136–7. Quarterly evaluation, 123–54; Welshman, 15 September 1843. NLW, MS 819C (A marriage ceremony in Wales, comedian opera); NLW, MS 23303B (Wynnstay Theatre papers). NLW, MS 21820F. 169 Petticoat Heroes 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 H. H. Vaughan, Welsh Proverbs with English Translations (London 1889), pp. 171–2, 316; British Library, papers of: J. H. S. (John Henry Scourfield), 1808–76, p. 10. J. H. Davies, A Bibliography of Welsh Ballads revealed within the Eighteenth Century (London, 1911); Ernest Rhys, Welsh Ballads, and different Poems (London, 1898); George Henry Borrow, Welsh Poems and Ballads (London, 1915). On photographs of robust or belligerent girls in English well known ballads, see Anna Clark, The fight for the Breeches: Gender and the Making of the British operating classification (London, 1995), pp. sixty nine, eighty two, 165–8. John Knott, well known competition to the 1834 bad legislations (London, 1986), pp. eighty three, 256, 270. Anthony Fletcher, Gender, intercourse and Subordination in England 1500–1800 (New Haven, 1995), pp. 274–9. See Hannah Barker and Elaine Chalus (eds), Women’s historical past: Britain 1700–1850: An advent (London, 2005), pp. 4–6; Kathryn Gleadle, British girls within the 19th Century (Basingstoke, 2001), pp. 1–4, 24–47; Martha Vicinus (ed. ), endure and Be nonetheless: girls within the Victorian Age (London, 1980). Natalie Zemon Davis, ‘Women on top’, in James B.