By Miriam T. Griffin
Nero's character and crimes have regularly intrigued historians and writers of fiction. even if, his reign additionally illuminates the character of the Julio-Claudian Principate. Nero's suicide delivered to an finish the dynasty Augustus had based, and put in jeopardy the political method he had devised.
Miriam T. Griffin's authoratitive survey of Nero's reign accommodates either a chronological account, in addition to an research of the explanations for Nero's cave in below the strain of his function as emperor.
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Extra resources for Nero: The End of a Dynasty
18, 22, 27, 30–1). The more and more bloated glance of Nero’s face and neck, together with facial aspect and expressions typical from the sooner images, argue for real looking portrayal; but a component of idealisation has been detected within the mild upward tilt of the pinnacle and the deep atmosphere of the eyes, which owe whatever to Hellenistic suggestion. 7 back, Nero’s hair-style with its stiff row of curls, flat at the brow, then waved excessive at the back of, used to be now not natural stylisation at the cash, for Suetonius tells us that Nero took to donning his hair ‘arranged in steps’. This hairstyle was once in actual fact modelled on that of charioteers and actors, and it really is worn by means of Apollo while he's represented as Apollo Auriga or Citharoedus. eight equally, the later variety he affected at the Greek travel, with the hair turning out to be lengthy on the again, is proven on cash of that date. but realism can't clarify the beard that regularly seems to be, for Nero was once cleanshaven: it can be symbolic of his paternal ancestry. nine The reverses of the later cash, even though, characterize the clearest boost on prior kinds. There look unexpectedly a variety of designs, all finely completed and displaying a superb sort in belief. stylish unmarried figures, equivalent to Greek statues of their basic posture and high quality material, signify Roma (fig. 26), Victoria (fig. 30), Securitas (fig. 29), Apollo Citharoedus (fig. 31). Greek concept exhibits such a lot basically in those figures and in those who happen in teams at the Annona and Ceres cash (fig. 23), the adlocutio style the place Nero is proven addressing the Praetorian shield, the congiarium layout the place he distributes largesse, and the decursio cash the place he routines on horseback (fig. 25). 10 however the composition of those teams is a brand new improvement 121 NERO’S PRINCIPATE going past something chanced on on prior cash, Greek or Roman. eventually, the Roman ardour for structure and realism concerns within the impressive diagram of the port of Ostia (fig. 24), and in advantageous and precise sketches of the temple of Vesta, the gates of Janus (fig. 21), Nero’s complex marketplace (fig. 28) and his triumphal arch (fig. 27). The relevance of those forms to the years from sixty three to sixty six after they have been issued isn't really regularly transparent. The Securitas cash will be at once with regards to the suppression of the Pisonian conspiracy in sixty five. yet a few cash it appears market it past advantages of the Emperor: the 1st congiarium in fifty seven, the establishment of the Greek quinquennial video games in 60 (fig. 32), the construction of the industry in fifty nine and of the triumphal arch, voted in fifty eight and erected in sixty two. Others could proclaim his persevered predicament for the corn offer, or his willingness to heed the caution he got within the temple of Vesta. nevertheless, it can be that Nero truly accomplished many of the harbour constructions at Ostia, and that the temple, the marketplace and the arch required a few rebuilding after the nice hearth. eleven The Janus cash current a distinct challenge, for Suetonius dates the closure to the stopover at of Tiridates in sixty six, whereas many of the cash are dated as early as sixty four/ five.