By Tim Weiner
With stunning revelations that made headlines in papers around the nation, Pulitzer-Prize-winner Tim Weiner will get on the fact in the back of the CIA and uncovers right here why approximately each CIA Director has left the employer in worse form than whilst he chanced on it; and the way those profound disasters jeopardize our nationwide defense.
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Extra resources for Legacy of Ashes: The History of the CIA
I see an unlimited ﬁeld of illusion,” Bohlen stated. whereas the warfare in Korea nonetheless raged, the Joint Chiefs commanded Frank Wisner and the CIA to behavior “a significant covert offensive opposed to the Soviet Union,” aimed toward “the heartland of the communist regulate process. ” Wisner attempted. The Marshall Plan used to be being reworked into pacts delivering America’s allies with guns, and Wisner observed this as an opportunity to arm mystery stay-behind forces to ﬁght the Soviets within the occasion of warfare. He used to be seeding the floor all over the place Europe. through the mountains and forests of Scandinavia, France, Germany, Italy, and Greece, his males have been 64 T I M W E I N E R shedding gold ingots into lakes and burying caches of guns for the arriving conflict. within the marshes and foothills of Ukraine and the Baltics, his pilots have been losing brokers to their deaths. In Germany, greater than 1000 of his ofﬁcers have been slipping leaﬂets into East Berlin, forging postal stamps wearing a portrait of the East German chief Walter Ulbricht with a hangman’s noose round his neck, and plotting out paramilitary missions in Poland. None of this supplied perception into the character of the Soviet possibility. Operations to sabotage the Soviet empire stored overwhelming plans to undercover agent on it. “YOU personal HIM physique AND SOUL” Deeply cautious, Walter Bedell Smith dispatched a depended on three-star normal, Lucian okay. Truscott, an ofﬁcer with impeccable connections and a exotic conflict list, to take over the CIA’s operations in Germany and to ﬁnd out what Wisner’s males have been doing. basic Truscott’s orders have been to droop each scheme he deemed doubtful. Upon his arrival, he selected Tom Polgar of the CIA’s Berlin base as his leader aide. they discovered a number of ticking time bombs. between them was once one very darkish mystery, defined in CIA files of the day as a software of “overseas interrogations. ” The business enterprise had organize clandestine prisons to wring confessions out of suspected double brokers. One used to be in Germany, one other in Japan. The 3rd, and the most important, used to be within the Panama Canal area. “Like Guantánamo,” Polgar stated in 2005. “It used to be something is going. ” The region was once its personal international, seized by way of the USA on the flip of the century, bulldozed out of the jungles that surrounded the Panama Canal. On a naval base within the area, the CIA’s ofﬁce of safeguard had reﬁtted a fancy of cinder-block criminal cells inside of a military brig usually used to accommodate under the influence of alcohol and disorderly sailors. In these cells, the corporation was once carrying out mystery experiments in harsh interrogation, utilizing options at the fringe of torture, drug-induced brain keep watch over, and brainwashing. The venture dated again to 1948, whilst Richard Helms and his ofﬁcers in Germany discovered they have been being defrauded through double brokers. the hassle all started as a crash software in 1950, while the Korean battle erupted L E G A C Y of A S H E S sixty five and a feeling of emergency seized the CIA. past due that summer time, because the temperature approached 100 levels in Panama, Russian émigrés who were dropped at the Canal region from Germany have been injected with medications and brutally interrogated.