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A heavily similar hassle of conventional phonology used to be, after all, the shortcoming of a handy phonetic notation. i've been refening to standard outdated chinese language rhyme teams via giving bOlh their conventional labels and their reconstructions in Li Fang-kuei's procedure. via now the reader will most likely savor that the latter is a way more handy notation than the 4. four. dialogue aN1 inIerpretatio" 173 former. Pan of the connection between *. ~g, *·~k, and *·~ng. for instance, is very easily expressed via a typical vowel image *~. (If we all know undemanding phonetics we additionally realize that the coda is a velar in every one case, notwithstanding in this element our Western-style notation is sti. lliess than excellent. ) If we usher in the 3 extra teams *-og, *-at, and *·ang, you can actually see them as a part of a two-dimensional constitution which connects them, in accordance with contrasts of peak within the vowel and demeanour of articulation within the cOOa: *. ~g *. ~k. *·~ng *-ag *-at *·ang during this notation, each one row and column has a standard image. against this, the conventional personality labels offer no such structural clues: 2IB .... The QIng phonologists have been conscious of such structural family, and had phrases for a few of them The tenus yTn, ydng, and ro, for instance, correspond to the horizontal size of the constitution above, which represents the way of articulation of the coda. yet within the absence of a handy analytical notation, spotting such structural relationships was once a slightly subde topic, and we've seen that the Qing students didn't continually establish them continuously. A funha hindrance on conventional phonology should be mentioned in Otapter nine, specifically the reliance at the research of the chinese language script given within the SJwbwinjilzl, that is plagued by post-ShIJing sound alterations. conventional examine in previous chinese language rhyming didn't cease with Wang Niansun and JiAng YoogAo, however the research had long past nearly so far as it could possibly in the obstacles of conventional tools. (Moreover, within the latter pan of the 19th century, China's top minds can have been preoccupied with different difficulties. ) Hu:1ng kinfolk M-ort (1886-1935), a scholar of Zhang BlngHn (1868-1936), explored the distributional styles of finals with preliminary consonants, and got here up with rules which count on many of the hypotheses to be awarded right here; yet he didn't synthesize those rules with the discoveries of prior investigators approximately rhyming. Viewing conventional phonology in historic viewpoint, and noting the limitations in which it labored, we will be able to recognize the paintings of the Qing phonologists and nonetheless no longer be stunned that it calls for revision. the following . mG 174 four. T,Dditiottal nY-tJTel! tHI outdated C ~ rJcymiflg numerous chapters formulate the hypotheses that are the foundation of the revisions I suggest. bankruptcy five The outdated chinese language syllahle: an summary In Otaptcrs S via eight. I current the main hypotheses embodied within the reconstruction process I suggest for outdated Qtinese. lbe dialogue in next chapters may be clearer if we start with an summary of the elemental syllable constitution to be able to be assu".

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